Practice Test Nervous and Endocrine System

[Answers]

Note: Choices may be used more than once or not at all.

 

1-5. Matching

A) axons                                     are found in peripheral nerves   1) _____

B) dendrites                    carry signals from motor neuron cell bodies   2) _____

C) A and B                    carry signals toward motor neuron cell bodies   3) _____

                                  connect (at synaptic junctions) to muscle   4) _____

                                    connect to cell body of sensory neurons   5) _____

 

6-10. Matching

A) motor neurons                                      found in ventral horn   6) _____

B) sensory neurons                             found in dorsal root ganglia   7) _____

C) interneurons                               commonly are unipolar neurons   8) _____

D) A and C                                  commonly are multipolar neurons   9) _____

                                       found between ventral and dorsal horn 10) _____

 

11-15. Matching

A) somatic                      refers to integumentary and muscular systems 11) _____

B) autonomic                           refers to incoming or sensory signals 12) _____

C) afferent                      refers to visceral (internal) organ systems 13) _____

D) efferent                              refers to outgoing or motor signals 14) _____

E) peripheral                    refers to outside of the dorsal body cavity 15) _____

 

16-20. Matching

A) central nervous system                                  sensory receptors 16) _____

B) peripheral nervous system                               peripheral nerves 17) _____

                                                                 spinal cord 18) _____

                                                                    eyeballs 19) _____

                                                                       brain 20) _____

 

21-25. Matching

A) anterior horn                     contains cell bodies of sensory neurons 21) _____

B) anterior root                       contains cell bodies of motor neurons 22) _____

C) posterior horn                          contains axons of sensory neurons 23) _____

D) posterior root                          dorsal gray matter of spinal cord 24) _____

E) posterior root ganglion                   contains axons of motor neurons 25) _____

 

26-30. Matching

A) neurolemmocytyes (Schwann cells)               myelinate many PNS neurons 26) _____

B) oligodendrocytes                               myelinate many CNS neurons 27) _____

C) astrocytes                                    are phagocytic cells in CNS 28) _____

D) microglia                               provide for a blood-brain barrier 29) _____

                                       functionally are similar to podocytes 30) _____

 

31-35. Matching

A) interventricular foraman                 connects right and left cerebrum 31) _____

B) cerebral aqueduct                        connects right and left thalamus 32) _____

C) intermediate mass                     connects third and fourth ventricle 33) _____

D) corpus callosum                      connects left and right spinal horns 34) _____

E) none of the above                    connects third and lateral ventricle 35) _____


 

 36-40. Matching

A) thalamus                   monitors and integrates contraction of muscles 36) _____

B) cerebellum                   integrate sensory and motor cortical signals 37) _____

C) basal nuclei                   connection between right and left cerebrum 38) _____

D) choroid plexus                               produces cerebrospinal fluid 39) _____

E) corpus callosum                               selects sensory information 40) _____

 

41-45. Matching

A) medulla oblongata                                   acts as a gate keeper 41) _____

B) hypothalamus                                     part of the diencephalon 42) _____

C) thalamus                                         controls visceral organs 43) _____

D) A and B                                      controls endocrine responses 44) _____

E) B and C                              is a continuation of the spinal cord 45) _____

 

46-50. Matching

A) facial nerve                          branch passes through foramen ovale 46) _____

B) trigeminal nerve                             sensory for posterior tongue 47) _____

C) hypoglossal nerve                             sensory for anterior tongue 48) _____

D) glossopharyngeal nerve                                  motor for chewing 49) _____

                                                            motor for tongue 50) _____

 

51-55. Matching

A) vestibulocochlear nerve                            sensory from inner ear 51) _____

B) glossopharyngeal                            sensory from carotid arteries 52) _____

C) oculomotor nerve                       motor to 3 of 4 rectus eye muscles 53) _____

D) trochlear nerve                     motor to superior oblique eye muscles 54) _____

E) vagus                          sensory and motor for many visceral organs 55) _____

 

56-60. Matching

A) precentral gyrus                            location of the visual cortex 56) _____

B) postcentral gyrus                      involved in acting out of emotions 57) _____

C) occipital cortex                     location of the primary motor cortex 58) _____

D) parietal lobe                      location of the primary sensory cortex 59) _____

E) frontal lobe                   location of the sensory association cortex 60) _____

 

61-65. Matching

A) projects to posterior column nuclei                              thalamus 61) _____

B) projects to primary sensory cortex                    spinothalamic tract 62) _____

C) projects to ventral horns                                pyramidal tracts 63) _____

D) projects to thalamus                       nucleus cunneatus and gracilis 64) _____

                                           fasciculus cunneatus and gracilis 65) _____

 

66-70. Place in order the structures that light passes through the eye.

A) outer segment of photoreceptors (portion with visual pigments)            66) _____

B) inner segment of photoreceptors (portion with cell nuclei)                67) _____

C) bipolar cells                                                             68) _____

D) retinal ganglion cells                                                    69) _____

E) pigment layer                                                             70) _____

 

71-75. Matching

A) receives visual signals                               superior colliculus 71) _____

B) receives auditory signals                             inferior colliculus 72) _____

                                                   medial geniculate nucleus 73) _____

                                                  lateral geniculate nucleus 74) _____

                                                              occipital lobe 75) _____


 

76-80. Matching

A) respond to rotation of head                  posterior semicircular canal 76) _____

B) respond to nodding of head                    superior semicircular canal 77) _____

C) respond to sideways tilting of head            lateral semicircular canal 78) _____

D) respond to gravity and acceleration                   utricle and saccule 79) _____

E) none of the above                                       tympanic membrane 80) _____

 

NOTE: Choices may be used more than once or not at all.

 

1-5. Matching

A) autonomic nervous system                   mainly controls smooth muscle   1) _____

B) somatic nervous system                   mainly controls skeletal muscle   2) _____

                                           utilizes 1 efferent motor neuron   3) _____

                                          utilizes 2 efferent motor neurons   4) _____

                                       controls visceral organs and vessels   5) _____

 

6-10. Matching

A) sympathetic NS       ganglionic cell bodies mainly near vertebral column   6) _____

B) parasympathetic NS     preganglionic cell bodies mainly in thoracic cord   7) _____

C) none of the above         preganglionic cell bodies mainly in brain stem   8) _____

                             ganglionic cell bodies seen in adrenal medulla   9) _____

                             ganglionic cell bodies mainly in target organs  10) _____

 

11-15. Matching

A) sympathetic chain ganglia                          found in target organs 11) _____

B) celiac and mesenteric ganglia                 found adjacent to the aorta 12) _____

C) intramural ganglia                            also known as chain ganglia 13) _____

D) adrenal medulla                      most peripheral sympathetic ganglion 14) _____

                              found mainly in parasympathetic nervous system 15) _____

 

16-20. Matching

A) celiac and mesenteric ganglia                     controls pupils of eyes 16) _____

B) chain ganglia                                     control heart and lungs 17) _____

                                                    control abdominal organs 18) _____

                                           control blood vessels in GI tract 19) _____

                                    control blood vessels in skeletal muscle 20) _____

 

NOTE: Choices may be used more than once or not at all.

 

21-25. Matching

A) testosterone                         produced by adrenal zona reticularis 21) _____

B) epinephrine                          produced by adrenal chromaffin cells 22) _____

C) aldosterone                         produced by adrenal zona fascicularis 23) _____

D) cortisol                             produced by adrenal zona glomerulosa 24) _____

E) renin                               produced by juxtaglomerular apparatus 25) _____

 

26-30. Matching

A) anterior pituitary                           produces luteinizing Hormone 26) _____

B) intermediate lobe                                    produces Vasopressin 27) _____

C) posterior pituitary                                     produces oxytocin 28) _____

D) none of the above                                       produces thyroxin 29) _____

                                                               produces ACTH 30) _____

 

31-35. Matching

A) adrenocorticotropic Hormone                    stimulates milk production 31) _____

B) thyroid stimulating Hormone                stimulates thyroxine secretion 32) _____

C) follicle stimulating Hormone               stimulates cellular metabolism 33) _____

D) prolactin                                  stimulates estrogen production 34) _____

E) thyroxine           stimulates cortisol secretion from the adrenal cortex 35) _____

 

36-40. Matching

A) parathormone                            produced by pancreatic Beta cells 36) _____

B) epinephrine                            produced by pancreatic Alpha cells 37) _____

C) calcitonin                            produced by parathyroid chief cells 38) _____

D) glucagon                             produced by adrenal chromaffin cells 39) _____

E) insulin                   produced by thyroid interfollicular ("C") cells 40) _____